Community-Based Monitoring: Reasons, Objectives, Ethics, and Tools

Possible reasons:

1. There have been complains of health problems in your community.
2. Huge amounts of pesticides are used and there is a high frequency of spray operations.
3. There may be serious pesticide poisoning incidents.
4. There may be pesticides used that have been banned in other countries.
5. There may be pesticides used that are suspected to cause chronic effects.
6. To fill the information gap.


1. Empower communities to tackle the hazards of pesticides.
2. Ensure safe food and foods free from pesticides.
3. Build a national and global consensus to eliminate the health and environmental hazards of pesticides.
4. Counter the influence of agrochemical and seed corporations in order to benefit small-scale farmers in developing countries.
5. Support and promote the development of ecological, locally appropriate agriculture, which brings food security and other benefits.


1. Prior Informed Consent of communities
2. Must be participatory
3. Must benefit community
4. Responsibility and accountability to communities
5. Ownership of monitoring information is with the communities
6. Provide medical or legal support to the community if needed


1. Preparation and translations of the CPAK (Community Pesticide Action Kits)
*Note: CPAK is a series of CBM modules prepared by Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific. Visit their website ( for more details.

2. Survey-based interviews using a standard questionnaire
3. Documentation of observations (those not included in the questionnaire)
4. Survey of socio-economic situation and gender positioning
5. Promote self-surveillance amongst the community
6. Testing of pesticide poisoning and medical investigation
7. Pesticide poisoning documentation
8. Constant involvement, feedback and consultation with the community

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