The federal government is taking the next step in climate protection: on wednesday, it adopted a detailed roadmap for this purpose, thus putting into practice the basic agreement it reached in september.
Germany is to achieve its climate target for the year 2030 with incentives and a price for greenhouse gas emissions.
The cabinet also approved a climate protection law that stipulates that individual ministers will in future be responsible for complying with annual greenhouse gas savings targets in their area of responsibility. This means that the first law from the climate package will now go to the bundestag. Further plans, for example to increase the aviation tax, are to follow in the next few months.
The law is a response to past failures, said environment minister svenja schulze (SPD). "What the environment ministry has said has been ignored too often," she said. Numbers were miscalculated, climate protection advice was followed too late. "All this will not happen again."From now on, all ministries will be climate protection ministries.
Both environmental groups and business representatives, however, complained that the federal government was getting bogged down in the process. Individual measures are poorly coordinated in some cases. "This hodgepodge approved by the cabinet today only amounts to a third of what is needed to achieve the 2030 climate targets," said hubert weiger, chairman of the bundes fur umwelt und naturschutz deutschland (BUND – association for the environment and nature conservation in germany).
Germany is likely to miss its current climate target for 2020 – a 40 percent reduction in carbon dioxide compared to 1990 levels. To ensure that this does not happen with the next targets, there are to be annual savings targets for six areas from agriculture to the building sector by 2030. The system is then also to apply until 2040. If targets are missed, the responsible minister must take corrective action. To some extent, lack of progress in one area can be compensated for by more climate protection in another sector.
Germany wants to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases that are harmful to the climate by 55 percent by 2030 compared with 1990 levels. By the middle of the century, the federal republic is to become largely climate-neutral, i.E. It is to stop emitting greenhouse gases that are harmful to the climate (greenhouse gas neutrality). Germany is the only country in the world to have enshrined it in this way, said schulze. Environmental groups, however, complain that germany only wants to "pursue" this goal according to the law. Schulze insisted that the wording expressed binding force.
Among other things, the emission of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) is to be priced so that people buy more climate-friendly cars and heating systems and industry builds them. German chancellor angela merkel (CDU) told the magazine "bunte" (thursday): "wherever CO2 is emitted, it becomes more expensive over time, and wherever CO2 is avoided, it becomes cheaper over time."This incentive to save money will lead to numerous technical innovations. This is a great opportunity for the economy and jobs in germany. However, environmental groups and experts criticize the rather low entry price of initially only 10 euros per ton of CO2 in 2021.
The climate protection initiative extinction rebellion blocked several bridges on its third day of protest in berlin, causing traffic obstructions. At the same time, the police cleared the central traffic circle on the siegessaule, which had been occupied since monday. The movement has announced actions in several international metropolises throughout the week.